Leading Manufacturer, Supplier & Retailer of Cryogenic Tank Leasing, Detectors, Electric Propulsion, Argon and Carbon Dioxide.
When customers require large volumes of gas product to be delivered as a cryogenic liquid, then a special cryogenic storage tank is required at the customer's site. These tanks are very specialized, come in various sizes and configurations and are very expensive. Tanks and equipment must be sized for gas product and usage requirements. Therefore, Linde offers our customers the ability to lease this system in return for a monthly facility fee payment. This arrangement includes the properly sized tank which will meet local zoning regulations. It also includes the replacement of this tank with one of a different size should your gas requirements greatly change over time. The facility fee will also cover the cost and installation of any necessary equipment to connect the tank to your house line; such as vaporizers, regulators and valves. Lastly this service covers tank maintenance which includes periodic repainting or replacement if the tank is not functioning properly. Property taxes, if any, are the responsibility of the customer. In the end, you can hand-off any worries about these tanks to Linde. You can discuss your gas requirements and interest in leasing the cryogenic tank with your sales representative.
He-3 has a high thermal neutron absorption cross section and is used as a converter gas in neutron detector systems. These systems are utilized at major ports around the world to screen freight for nuclear materials. As the demand for these systems increase, neutron detector manufacturers are turning to 10BF3 based detector systems as an alternative to 3He in order to reduce costs and increase detector availability. Linde is the worlds leading supplier of high enrichment, high purity 3He and 10BF3 for neutron detector applications. He-3 has a high thermal neutron absorption cross section and is used as a converter gas in neutron detector systems. These systems are utilized at major ports around the world to screen freight for nuclear materials. As the demand for these systems increase, neutron detector manufacturers are turning to 10BF3 based detector systems as an alternative to 3He in order to reduce costs and increase detector availability. Linde is the worlds leading supplier of high enrichment, high purity 3He and 10BF3 for neutron detector applications. Pure xenon and custom xenon gas mixtures are used in detectors for x-rays, gamma rays, and even infrared radiation. The xenon is incorporated into high performance detectors for medical diagnostics, material density profiling, and detection of radiation sources for Homeland Security. Xenon is also being evaluated to indirectly confirm the existence of "dark matter." This dark matter is said to be abundant enough to dominate the universe. Dark matter refers to indirectly observed particles of unknown composition that do not emit or reflect enough electromagnetic radiation, but whose existence can instead be inferred through the detectable effects it has on visible matter
Specially purified xenon is used to propel satellites and other spacecraft using electric propulsion thrusters. Xenon gas is odorless, colorless, tasteless, nontoxic, monatomic and chemically inert. Xenon is found in the atmosphere at a concentration of 8.7 x 10-6 percent by volume. Linde collects xenon at its air separation plants around the world and purifies it to the very high purity levels necessary for electric propulsion engines. Advanced production and purification equipment gives Linde the unique ability to recover and purify customer provided xenon. This service is often used by ground-based facilities that test electric propulsion thrusters. Linde has sophisticated analytical labs to ensure the quality of propulsion grade xenon. These labs are also used to support our customers ensuring purity is maintained throughout the satellite filling process.
Argon is used because of its inert properties for protection against the oxidizing effect of air. Argon is widely used as a blanketing or shielding gas in metallurgy and arc welding and cutting. Argon is also used to fill incandescent and fluorescent lamps and windows. Argon is a colorless, odorless, tasteless and nontoxic gas. Argon, along with helium, neon, krypton, xenon and radon is also known as a "rare" gas. Argon forms no known chemical compounds. The gas is 1.38 times heavier than air and is slightly soluble in water. Argon is present in the atmosphere at a concentration of 0.93%. Argon is recovered from air in an Air Separation Unit (ASU) where it is drawn off as a cryogenic liquid at about -303°F. Argon can then be distributed as a cryogenic liquid or as a gas in cylinders.
Carbon dioxide has many applications based on its varied properties. It is widely used in food processing for freezing, cooling, preservation or pH control. It is also used to blanket chemicals, control pH in water treatment, shield metal welding, stimulate biological growth, improve oil and gas production and as a fire-extinguishing agent. Carbon dioxide is a slightly toxic, odorless, colorless gas with a slightly pungent, acidic taste. It will not burn or support combustion. It is 1.52 times heavier than air and is very soluble in water, forming carbonic acid. Solid carbon dioxide (dry ice) will sublime at atmospheric pressure and -109°F to gaseous carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is formed naturally through fermentation. It is also produced as a by-product of many industrial processes such as ammonia, hydrogen, ethylene oxide, natural gas production and combustion processes.
Helium's applications utilize its cold, inert or buoyant properties. As a cooling agent, helium is used in basic scientific research, medical imaging (NMR) and various analytical or production processes. Helium is also used in welding and cutting applications and in lasers. Leak detection, deep sea diving and balloons also rely on helium's special properties. Helium is another member of the group known as "rare" gases and has no color, odor or taste. Helium is the second lightest element, one-seventh as heavy as air. It is chemically inert, has low solubility in water and can not be made to burn or explode. Helium is the coldest known liquid at -452°F. Helium is difficult to source. Most helium gas is extracted from natural gas sources containing from 1% to 7% by volume. These type of natural gas deposits are not common and mainly exist in certain areas of the United States, Canada, Australia, Qatar, Poland and Russia.
Hydrogen is used in vast quantities as a raw material for production of ammonia, methanol, hydrogen peroxide, polymers and solvents. It is also used to hydrogenate many animal or vegetable oils and in the production of vitamins and other pharmaceutical products. Hydrogen is also used in metal treating, glass, welding and other metallurgical applications as an inert or reducing atmosphere. Hydrogen is also used as a transportation fuel directly, or in petroleum refining processes to improve product quality. Hydrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, nontoxic but flammable gas at atmospheric temperatures and pressures. The gas burns in air with a pale blue, almost invisible flame. Hydrogen is the lightest of all gases, approximately one-fifteenth as heavy as air. Hydrogen is liquid at -423°F. Hydrogen is manufactured industrially by either electrolysis of water, steam reformation of hydrocarbons or partial oxidation of coal or hydrocarbons.
Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) is an inorganic chemical with many applications. It is used in chemical synthesis reactions to produce vinyl chloride, fertilizers, dyes, pigments, and pharmaceutical ingredients. It also finds use in catalyst regeneration, rubber manufacturing, electroplating, semiconductor manufacturing, leather tanning, and cotton seed processing. We offer: A choice of qualities from industrial to electronic grades Purities ranging from 99.9% to 99.999% hydrogen chloride Volumes to suit the scale and application Custom hydrogen chloride equipment A choice of packaging If you want to keep pace with tomorrow’s competition, you need a partner by your side for whom top quality, process optimization, and enhanced productivity are part of daily business. We define partnership not merely as being there for you - but being with you.
Nitrogen has many commercial and technical applications based on its physical and chemical properties. Liquid nitrogen's cooling properties are used to freeze food, blood and other materials; modify metal properties; control reaction temperatures; cool concrete and simulate extremely cold operating conditions. Nitrogen gas is used to blanket, purge or stir many chemicals or molten metals. The gas can also be used to pressurize devices or pneumatically convey materials, while keeping out contaminates like oxygen or water Nitrogen is colorless, odorless and tasteless. It is nonflammable, will not support combustion and is not life-supporting. The gas is slightly lighter than air and is only slightly soluble in water. When liquid nitrogen is vaporized and then heated it consumes a large amount of heat, making it an ideal coolant. Nitrogen is present in the atmosphere at a concentration of 78.1%. Nitrogen is recovered from air in an Air Separation Unit (ASU) where it is drawn off as a cryogenic liquid at about -321°F. Nitrogen can then be distributed as a cryogenic liquid or as a gas in cylinders. Nitrogen can also be generated at the use point, using cryogenic, adsorption or membrane technologies.
Depending on the temperature and pressure, carbon dioxide (CO2) exists in three states – as a gas, liquid or solid. Essentially, dry ice is solid carbon dioxide. It is made by reducing the pressure and temperature of liquid CO2 till it converts into a clean, white snow. This snow can then be compressed under high pressure to form blocks, slices and pellets. Because dry ice has no taste or smell, is non-poisonous and non-flammable, it is an ideal and highly- effective cooling and freezing agent for food. It is particularly convenient for in-transit cooling, where power supply can be an issue.